By Kent Kenneth Kaonga, Hearing care coordinator at Starkey Hearing Foundation and student of the Master in Clinical Audiology and Hearing Therapy

Abstract

In 2000, the member states of the United Nations made a commitment to eliminate extreme poverty and improve the health and social welfare of the world’s poorest people within 15 years. This commitment was known as the Millennium Declaration and from this declaration were developed eight time-linked goals (WHO, 2005). Achievement of many of these goals would directly or indirectly reduce the prevalence of hearing impairment. In fact, in Malawi, it is believed that the prevalence of hearing impairment is increasing as a result of many factors like severe malaria, chronic suppurative otitis media and cerebrospinal meningitis. Despite the scarcity of reliable and comprehensive statistics from the southern region, there is ample evidence that the risk for hearing impairment seem to have increased even more dramatically than expected.

This was a qualitative and quantitative study and the study design employed the use in-depth interviews and the sample size for the study was 256.

The data has shown that out of 64 file cases from Case files screened for hearing impairments, 39 (representing 60.9%) were diagnosed as having significant hearing impairment.

The results showed that the frequent causes of hearing impairment   were as follows: CSOM, Meningitis and Malaria. It was moreover found out that drug like aminoglycoside caused hearing impairment when it was administered to certain number of people. Besides it was also revealed in the study that families with dominant genes for hearing impairment have the tendency of spreading the disease across generations.

Download the full Research Work: Kent Kenneth Kaonga (2020). Prevalence of Hearing Impairment in children in Southern region of Malawi. SAERA

 

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